The 12 disciples of Jesus followed our Lord sincerely and learned life lessons and commandments from Him, which they taught later to others after the ascension of Christ and the arrival of the Holy Spirit. They were called to transform the world and went down in history as great martyrs who gave their lives for their beliefs and fulfilled their duty towards their Savior.
The 12 disciples of Jesus are listed in three of the four Gospels and the Book of Acts. See how the disciples named in Mark and Luke compare to the list in Matthew and Acts.
12 Disciples of Jesus Quiz
How well do you know the 12 legendary followers of Jesus Christ? Take the quiz to find out.
#1. Who wrote the first gospel and what was the profession of the person before he became a disciple of Jesus?
#2. Who were the first two people Jesus called to be His disciples?
One day as Jesus was walking by the sea of Galilee, He saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishermen. And He asked them to follow Him so that he would make them fishers of men. And they straightway left their nets, and followed him. (Matthew 4:18-20). Andrew is Peter’s older brother.
#3. Who were the sons of Zebedee called the "Sons of Thunder" by Jesus Christ?
Jesus gave this name to James and John who were brothers. The incident is mentioned in Mark 3:17 as follows: “And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and He surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder”. James was the first disciple to suffer martyrdom, being beheaded in 44 AD by order of Herod Agrippa I.
#4. According to John 12:6, one of the disciples was responsible for overseeing the money in Jesus' ministry. Who was the disciple?
Judas Iscariot was the disciple who was in charge of the money bag for Jesus and his disciples. However, he was not sincere in his job. According to Scriptures, he often pocketed the money for himself. According to John 12:6″ He did not say this because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief; as keeper of the money bag, he used to help himself to what was put into it.”
#5. Which disciple desired to walk on water like Jesus and also walked on water for a brief time?
Peter walked on water to meet who he believed was Jesus, but he was unsure. Jesus helped Peter to believe again by saving his life before he sank (Matthew 14:22-33).
#6. Three of the four New Testament gospels list the disciples by name. Which gospel does not name all twelve of them?
All twelve disciples are listed by name in Matthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:16-19, and Luke 6:14-16. John’s gospel only names nine of the disciples, and even these are not listed together. Eleven of the original twelve disciples are also named in Acts 1:13, meeting together in Jerusalem after the resurrection of Jesus.
#7. Before becoming a disciple of Jesus, ________ was a disciple of John the Baptist.
Andrew was a disciple of John the Baptist before he became a disciple of Jesus. This incident is recorded in John 1:35-40.
The next day John was there again with two of his disciples. When he saw Jesus passing by, he said, “Look, the Lamb of God!” When the two disciples heard him say this, they followed Jesus. Turning around, Jesus saw them following and asked, “What do you want?” They said, “Rabbi” (which means “Teacher”), “where are you staying?” “Come,” he replied, “and you will see.” So they went and saw where he was staying, and they spent that day with him. It was about four in the afternoon. Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, was one of the two who heard what John had said and who had followed Jesus.
#8. Which disciple found the boy who gave the five loaves and two fish used by Jesus to feed 5,000 men?
Andrew was the disciple who found this boy. In this story, the 5,000 people who were mentioned to be fed were all men. There were women and their children present as well, but they are not included in this number. (John 6:8)
#9. Which three disciples were at the Transfiguration of Jesus and at the Garden of Gethsemane before Jesus was arrested?
On two memorable occasions, Jesus spent time alone with His closest inner circle: Peter, James, and John. They were the transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-3) and the final hours of prayer in the Garden of Gethsemane before Jesus’ arrest (Matthew 26:36-46).
#10. Jesus said about this disciple, "upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it." Who was this disciple primarily known for his denial of Jesus?
Peter’s name always comes first in the list of disciples. He was very close with Jesus and he experienced things alongside his teacher that many of the other disciples did not. Peter’s name means ‘rock.’ This name comes from the Greek word ‘Petros.’ Jesus gave Peter his name in Matthew 16:18.-19. Peter denied Jesus three times before His arrest and crucifixion (John 18:15-27).
#11. Which disciple betrayed Jesus for 30 pieces of silver?
Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus. He was going to allow Jesus to be murdered by the priests and in return would receive 30 pieces of silver. Later, Judas Iscariot was filled with remorse, and according to Matthew’s gospel committed suicide. Matthew 27:3-5 records that he hanged himself after attempting to return the thirty pieces of silver he had been given for betraying Jesus. Acts 1:18 records that he bought a field with the silver, then fell headlong in it and burst asunder. There is no contradiction in these accounts, as it merely implies that the rope he used to hang himself must have snapped, causing him to fall violently to the ground.
#12. Which disciples found Jesus' empty tomb after he was ressurected?
John and Peter found Jesus’ empty tomb after he was resurrected. They were told by Mary that the tomb was empty and wanted to see it for themselves. (John 20:3–4)
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